It starts in the cell lining of the cervix (the womb) and begin in the transformation zone. Cervical cancer cells start with pre-cancerous changes but not all women develop cancer. Luckily, tests like Pap test and vaccinations can help prevent cervical cancer. So many among us ask the question, where do we get such cancer and how can we prevent them?
What causes cervical cancer?
Although cancers are usually inherited damaged DNA, most often than not these damaged DNA are caused by our lifestyle. Cervical cancer is developed by a virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). This virus can be spread from one person to another through direct skin contact, sexual intercourse, and the likes. HPV, when caused by a higher type of risk, can eventually become cancers. Most simple life actions can be a cause to cervical cancer as well. Here are as follow:
1) Smoking – we all know that smoking is bad or our lungs. The chemical in it and the way we affect the people that surrounds us with second-hand smoking. These harmful chemicals are transferred to our lungs and carried through our bloodstream. These harmful chemicals damage the DNA of the cervix cells and will ultimately lead to cervical cancer.
2) Sexual contact – Chlamydia infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease and has no apparent symptom (WebMD n.d.). It is only examined through a pelvic exam. Furthermore, this infection can affect primarily women but can be found in men as well. When women have multiple sex partners and do not practice safe sex, they usually are more prone to catching this infection. Better be safe than sorry.
3) Drugs – Contraceptives/hormonal drugs can cause irregularities in the cells that may trigger abnormal growth and lead to cancer. An example is the Diethylstilbestrol (DES), which is usually given to women to prevent miscarriage. This drug increase the risk of developing pre-cancer cells linked to HPV. Long-term use of contraceptives/birth control pills may cause cervical cancer as well. Patients should always discuss the benefits of taking contraceptives as well as his/her disposition.
4) Family History.
Is there anything we can do to prevent/cure cervical cancer?
Many thanks to global innovations and technology, this cancer can be prevented/cured.
1) Pap Smear test – Visit your doctor to find pre-existing cancer cells before they can spread. This procedure is non-invasive and a test is used to collect cells from the cervix and examined under a microscope. Further, an HPV test can also be done at the same time.
2) Cervical Cancer vaccinations – vaccines against HPV infections can be prevented 95% of the time. Like most vaccines, it works best if administered by a professional and prior to the exposure of HPV. Such vaccines require 3-doses injected over a period of 6 months.
3) Healthier living.
Where can you find more information about cervical cancers and the likes?
Contact Faith Medical Group at +65 6444 8019 or drop by at our clinics!